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Muscular System
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The Human Muscular System

The Human Muscular System

Slide 2

Types of Muscle

Types of Muscle

Cardiac Muscle

Striated muscle found only in the heart

Under involuntary control

Only rests between contractions

Smooth Muscle

Lack striations

Usually under involuntary control

Contraction is slow and rhythic

Muscles of internal organs

Skeletal Muscle

Striated muscle fibers with no clear separation between cells

Under voluntary control

Slide 3

Mechanism of Contraction

Mechanism of Contraction

Energy for contraction comes from ATP

Heads on myosin filaments attach to actin filaments

Filaments slide by one another then detach

Process repeats itself many times in a single contraction

Slide 4

Muscles - Anterior

Muscles - Anterior

Slide 5

Muscles - Posterior

Muscles - Posterior

Slide 6

Skeletal Muscle Attachment

Skeletal Muscle Attachment

Tendon Attachments

Origin

Attachment to the bone that doesn’t move

Insertion

Attachment to the bone that does move

Antagonistic Pairs

Flexor

Flexes the joint (moves toward the body)

Extensor

Extends the joint (away from the body)

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