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Cells
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Slide 14

Steps in lysomal formation

Steps in lysomal formation

The ER and Golgi apparatus make a lysosome

(2) The lysosome fuses with a digestive vacuole (3) Activated acid

hydrolases digest the contents

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Slide 15

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Slide 16

The centrosome, also called the "microtubule organizing center", is an area in the cell where microtubles are produced.

The centrosome, also called the "microtubule organizing center", is an area in the cell where microtubles are produced.

Within an animal cell centrosome there is a pair of small organelles, the centrioles, each made up of a ring of nine groups of microtubules. There are three fused microtubules in each group.

The two centrioles are arranged such that one is perpendicular to the other.

During animal cell division, the centrosome divides and the centrioles replicate (make new copies). The result is two centrosomes, each with its own pair of centrioles. The two centrosomes move to opposite ends of the nucleus, and from each centrosome, microtubules grow into a "spindle" which is responsible for separating replicated chromosomes into the two daughter cells.

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Slide 17

cilia are thread-like projections of certain cells that beat in a regular fashion to create currents that sweep materials along;

cilia are thread-like projections of certain cells that beat in a regular fashion to create currents that sweep materials along;

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Slide 18

Flagella may extend to the rear of a cell and push it forward by snakelike wriggling, or stick out in front and draw it along.

Flagella may extend to the rear of a cell and push it forward by snakelike wriggling, or stick out in front and draw it along.

We humans possess both flagella and cilia. Each sperm cell is propelled by a trailing flagellum that accelerates the little torpedo forward in its quest to fertilize an egg.

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Slide 19

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Slide 21

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Slide 22

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Chloroplast

The cell organelle in which photosynthesis takes place. In this organelle the light energy of the sun is converted into chemical energy.

Chloroplasts are found only in plant cells not animal cells. The chemical energy that is produced by chloroplasts is finally used to make carbohydrates like starch, that get stored in the plant.

Chloroplasts contain tiny pigments called chlorophylls. Chlorophylls are responsible for trapping the light energy from the sun.

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