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Group 7, The Halogens
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Group 7, the Halogens

Group 7, the Halogens

Slide 2

Group 17The Halogen Group

Group 17The Halogen Group

All the elements in Group 17 are nonmetals except for astatine, which is a radioactive metalloid.

Representative Elements

2

These elements are called halogens, which means salt-former.

All of the halogens form salts with sodium and with the other alkali metals.

Slide 3

Group 17The Halogen Group

Group 17The Halogen Group

The halogen fluorine is the most reactive of the halogens in combining with other elements.

Representative Elements

Chlorine is less reactive than fluorine, and bromine is less reactive than chlorine.

Iodine is the least reactive of the four nonmetals.

Slide 4

Some facts

Some facts

1) Reactivity DECREASES as you go down the group

(This is because the electrons are further away from the nucleus and so any extra electrons arent attracted as much).

2) They exist as diatomic molecules (so that they both have a full outer shell):

3) Because of this fluorine and chlorine are liquid at room temperature and bromine is a gas

Slide 5

The halogens  some reactions

The halogens some reactions

1) Halogen + metal:

+

2) Halogen + non-metal:

+

Slide 6

Displacement reactions

Displacement reactions

To put it simply, a MORE reactive halogen will displace a LESS reactive halogen from a solution of its salt.

Slide 7

Halogen compounds

Halogen compounds

Silver halides (e.g. silver chloride, silver bromide etc)

These are used in photographic paper. They are reduced by light and x-ray radiation to leave a silver photographic image.

Hydrogen halides (e.g. hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride)

When these dissolve in water they make acids and will turn universal indicator red.

Slide 8

Section Check

Section Check

Question 1

What does the term halogen mean?

Slide 9

Section Check

Section Check

Answer

Halogen means salt-former. All the halogens form salts with sodium (and other alkali metals).

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