cocaine is further treated with oxidizing agents to become water-soluble . Further washing, oxidation and separation procedures with potassium permanganate, benzole, and sodium carbonate.
The result is an odorless, white crystalline powder. With a bitter, numbing taste.
Freebase/crack cocaine. Freebase/crack is derived from cocaine hydrochloride which has been chemically treated with ammonia (freebase) or baking-powder (crack) to free the potent base material from the salt.
Free-base was originally produced by a dangerous four-or-five step process in which the hydrochloride salt was heated with water and a volatile liquid such as ether.
Base cocaine in the form of 'crack' is safer to produce; Crack/free-base is indissoluble in water, so it can't easily be injected or sniffed. it is smoked in pipes; burnt on tin foil; or mixed with tobacco and weed in a joint.
Photo courtesy U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration
causes such pleasurable effects as reduced fatigue, increased mental clarity, and a rush of energy
the more one takes cocaine, the less one feels its pleasurable effect
which causes the addict to take higher and higher doses of cocaine in an attempt to recapture the intensity of that initial high
Cocaine Methods of Use
average high a user gets from snorting cocaine only lasts for 15-30 minutes
smoking high, although more intense due to the rapidity in which the drug is absorbed into the bloodstream, lasts for an even shorter period of only about five to ten minutes
crashing low, in which the addict craves more of the drug and in larger doses
Cocaine’s effects on the nervous system
one of the most potent, addictive recreational drugs
Can cause irreversible damage to the nervous system
produces its pleasurable high by interfering with the brains pleasure centers where such chemicals as dopamine are produced