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Arrhenius Acids and Bases
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A. HBr (aq) 1. bromic acid

2. bromous acid

3. hydrobromic acid

B. H2CO3 1. carbonic acid

2. hydrocarbonic acid

3. carbonous acid

Slide 11

LecturePLUS Timberlake

LecturePLUS Timberlake

11

Solution AB3

A. HBr 3. hydrobromic acid

The name of a nonoxy acid begins with the prefix hydro- and ends with -ic acid. In a nonoxy acid, the negative anion end in -ide.

B. H2CO3 1. carbonic acid

The name of an oxyacid is named with the stem of the anion (carbonate) changed to

-ic acid

Slide 12

Some Common Bases

Some Common Bases

LecturePLUS Timberlake

12

NaOH sodium hydroxide

KOH potassium hydroxide

Ba(OH)2

Mg(OH)2 Al(OH)3 aluminum hydroxide

Slide 13

LecturePLUS Timberlake

LecturePLUS Timberlake

13

Learning Check AB4

Match the formulas with the names:

A. _ HNO2 1) hydrochloric acid

B. _ Ca(OH)2 2) sulfuric acid

C. _ H2SO4 3) sodium hydroxide

D. _ HCl 4) nitrous acid

E. _ NaOH 5) calcium hydroxide

Slide 14

LecturePLUS Timberlake

LecturePLUS Timberlake

14

Solution AB4

Match the formulas with the names:

A. _4 HNO2 1) hydrochloric acid

B. _5 Ca(OH)2 2) sulfuric acid

C. _2 H2SO4 3) sodium hydroxide

D. _1 HCl 4) nitrous acid

E. _3 NaOH 5) calcium hydroxide

Slide 15

LecturePLUS Timberlake

LecturePLUS Timberlake

15 Learning Check AB5

Acid, Base Name

or Salt

CaCl2 _

KOH _

Ba(OH)2 _

HBr _

H2SO4

Slide 16

LecturePLUS Timberlake

LecturePLUS Timberlake

16

Solution AB5

Acid, Base Name

or Salt

CaCl2 salt calcium chloride

KOH base potassiuim hydroxide

Ba(OH)2 base barium hydroxide

HBr acid hydrobromic acid

H2SO4 acid sulfuric acid

Slide 17

Bronsted-Lowry Acids

Bronsted-Lowry Acids

LecturePLUS Timberlake

17

Acids are hydrogen ion (H+) donors

Bases are hydrogen ion (H+) acceptors

HCl + H2O H3O+ + Cl-

donor acceptor + -

+ +

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