Germany lost ALL of her overseas colonies
Alsace-Lorraine was given to France
Eupen and Malmedy were given to Belgium
North-Schleswig was given to Denmark
Posen was given to Poland so that she would have access to the Baltic Sea. This area became known as the Polish Corridor. It meant that East Prussia was cut off from the rest of Germany.
The Rhineland was to be de-militarized
The Saar coalfields were given to France for fifteen years
The port of Danzig was made a Free City under the control of the League of Nations
"The Allied and Associated Governments affirm, and Germany accepts, the responsibility of Germany and her Allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associate Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of a war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her Allies."
GERMANY ACCEPTED RESPONSIBILITY FOR STARTING THE WAR
Germany agreed to pay for the damage caused by her armies during the war. The sum she had to pay was later fixed at £6,600 million
Germany was forbidden to unite with Austria
Germans thought the Treaty was a “diktat” : a dictated peace. They had not been invited to the peace conference at Versailles and when the Treaty was presented to them they were threatened with war if they did not sign it.
The Treaty was NOT based on Wilson’s Fourteen Points as the Germans had been promised it would.
Most Germans believed that the War Guilt Clause was unjustified. The French and British had done just as much to start the war
The loss of territory and population angered most Germans who believed that the losses were too severe.
Many Germans believed the German economy would be crippled by having to pay reparations.