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The Dutch and French Colonies in the New World




Slide 9

New Netherland Society

New Netherland Society

Charter of Privileges & Exemptions (1629) allowed directors who planted 50 colonists in 4 years to govern large estates (patroonships) autonomously

Only Renesselaerswyk was successful

Couldn’t recreate European social order & manage estates long-distance

1639 - all people to participate in fur trade

doubled population from 1,000 to 2,000

Relations with “Wilden” soured by daily provocations & culture clashes

Kiliaen Van Rensselaer

Slide 10

English Conquest

English Conquest

Peter Stuyvesant became governor in 1647

Settled Conn. Boundary & conquered Swedish colony to the south

Clashed with local elites

King Charles II granted land to his brother James, Duke of York & Albany

Stuyvesant forced to surrender to English in 1664 without a fight

New Netherlands & New Amsterdam became New York, and Ft. Orange became Albany

Slide 11

French Colonization

French Colonization

Jacques Cartier explored America 1536-42

Planted cross on Gaspé Peninsula in 1534

Visited Stadacona (Quebec) & Hochelaga (Montreal) in 1535-36

Est. short-lived colony of "Charlesbourg- Royal," near Stadacona, 1541-42.

Turmoil in France prevented follow-up

Samuel de Champlain made several voyages beginning in 1603

Helped est. settlements at Ste. Croix & Port Royal

Founded first permanent French settlement at Quebec in 1608

Allied with Hurons against Iriquois

Jacques Cartier

Samuel de Champlain

Slide 12

New France

New France

Company of New France (100 Associates) owned colony, 1627-1663

Became royal colony in 1663, with Jean-Baptiste Talon as superintendant

Father Jacques Marquette & Louis Jolliet explored Great Lakes & upper Mississippi valley in 1673

René-Robert Cavalier, Sieur de La Salle, sailed down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico in 1679-82

Slide 13

New France & Louisiana

New France & Louisiana

Population grew slowly

1663: 3,050; 1700: 15,000

Partly because King Louis XIV refused to allow Huguenots to settle there

Dependent on Indian allies, so tended to treat them better than English & Spanish did

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