Strong forces of attraction are responsible for the high melting point of most metals.
Students know atoms combine to form molecules by sharing electrons to form covalent or metallic bonds or by exchanging electrons to form ionic bonds.
The chemical bonding that results from the attraction between metal cations and the surrounding sea of electrons
Vacant p and d orbitals in metal's outer energy levels overlap, and allow outer electrons to move freely throughout the metal
Valence electrons do not belong to any one atom
Model: Packing uniform, hard spheres to best use available space. This is called closest packing. Each atom has 12 nearest neighbors.
Substitutional Alloy: some metal atoms replaced by others of similar size.
Interstitial Alloy: Interstices (holes) in closest packed metal structure are occupied by small atoms.
Metals are good conductors of heat and electricity
Metals are malleable
Metals are ductile
Metals have high tensile strength
Metals have luster