Previous pre-shows designed for MAPS included exercises on Face Recognition, Optical Illusions, Modesto People and Landmarks. You have heard of attitude tests, these pre shows are tests with an attitude. This pre-show is about scientists who deserve recognition. Because of limited
time, the list has been narrowed from thousands (for instance, there have been 863 Nobel prize winners) to some of the most recognizable.
Think about it; you can probably name many entertainers and athletes even though for the most part, their impact and influence is fleeting at most. How many Nobel prize winners can you name? Scientists leave a lasting legacy that impacts society forever.
It is hoped that by taking this test, your recognition of the names of a few scientists will be increased and your respect and interest in science and its endeavors and accomplishments will result in further study.
Galilei Galileo (1564- 1642) was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and support for Copernicanism. Because of his criticism of an earth centered universe, Galileo was placed under house arrest. In 1992, the Catholic church apologized for their censure-ship of Galileo. Until the time of Galileo, European scientists relied largely on Aristotle's approach of philosophical analysis to explain physical phenomena. Galileo demonstrated the advantages of experimentation, and argued that physics should be a mathematics-based.
It is surely harmful to souls to make it a heresy to believe what is proved. Galileo quotations
After developing the first telescope useful for astronomical research, this ground breaking scientist discovered the four moons of Jupiter.
Doubt is the father
Who deserves credit for formulating the three laws of motion?
Sir Isaac Newton (1642 – 1726) PRS MP was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian who has been considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived.
Among his many
the description of gravity
and the development of
Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (1743 -1794), the "father of modern chemistry," was a French nobleman prominent in the histories of chemistry and biology. He named both oxygen and hydrogen and predicted silicon, proved the law of conservation of mass and disproved the four element concept that everything could be made from earth, air, fire and water. Considered an aristocrat by the French people, he was guillotined.