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Slide 1

Intermediate Algebra by Gustafson and Frisk

Chapter 1

A Review of Basic Algebra

Slide 2

The Real Number System

Natural Numbers

Whole Numbers

Rational Numbers

Irrational Numbers

Real Numbers

Integers

Positive Numbers

Negative Numbers

Even Numbers

Odd Numbers

Use { } {x | x > 5} is read “the set of all x such that x is greater than 5”

Slide 3

Section 1.1: The Real Number System

Individual numbers are dots

Slide 4

Section 1.1: The Real Number System

GRAPHS: plot on the number line.

Intervals including end points

[

[

]

Slide 5

Section 1.1: The Real Number System

GRAPHS: plot on the number line.

Intervals not including end points

(

(

)

Slide 6

Section 1.2:

OPERATIONS:

Addition

Subtraction (the same as adding a number with the opposite sign)

Multiplication

Division (the same as multiplying by the reciprocal)

Slide 7

Section 1.2: Arithetic & Properties of Real Numbers

ADDITION:

Addends that have opposite signs

Subtract absolute values

Keep the sign of the addend with the largest absolute value

Addends that have the same signs

Add absolute values

Keep the sign of the addends

Slide 8

Section 1.2: Arithetic & Properties of Real Numbers

Multiply absolute values

If the factors have the same signs, the product is positive

If the factors have opposite signs, the product is negative

Slide 9

Section 1.2: Arithetic & Properties of Real Numbers

Mean

Median

Mode

Slide 10

Section 1.2: Arithetic & Properties of Real Numbers

Associative – addition, multiplication

Commutative – addition, multiplication

Distributive – multiplication is distributed over addition a (b + c) = ab + ac

Slide 11

- Sets: collections of objects.
- Graphs: plot on the number line.
- Arithetic & Properties of Real Numbers
- Multiplication
- Statistics: measures of central tendency
- Properties
- Exponents: repeated multiplication
- Order of operations
- Algebraic Expression vs. Equation
- Expressions
- To solve an equation in one variable
- Types of equations
- Types of problems
- Summary

- Gravitation
- Solar Thermal Energy
- Static and Kinetic Friction
- Space Radiation
- Motion
- Waves & Sound
- Newton’s third law of motion

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