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Nouns are naming words.
They name people, places and objects.
They can also name ideas, emotions, qualities and activities.
Here are some examples of nouns:
Peter, Elizabeth, driver, sister, friend.
Bristol, Severn, Brazil, pen, dog, money.
Love, beauty, industry, nature, greed, pain.
All nouns can be divided into common and proper nouns.
Common nouns can then be divided into countable and uncountable nouns.
Both countable and uncountable nouns can then be further divided into concrete and abstract nouns.
We’ll look at each type in turn.
First, look again at those types and how they relate.
Proper nouns start with capital letters.
They are the names of people, places, times, organisations etc.
They refer to unique individuals.
Most are not found in the dictionary.
They often occur in pairs or groups.
Here are some examples.
The Ford Motor Company
All nouns which are not proper nouns are common nouns.
A few examples: cup, art, paper, work, frog, bicycle, atom, family, mind.
Common nouns are either countable or uncountable.
Use these tests for countable nouns:
Countable (or just “count”) nouns can be made plural: a tree… two trees; a man… men; a pony… ponies.