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By Ayn Rand


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Ayn Rand

Ayn Rand

She was born in St. Petersburg, Russia, on February 2, 1905.

She opposed the mysticism and collectivism of Russian culture.

She witnessed both the Kerensky and Bolshevik Revolutions during her teenage years in Russia.

The communist victory in Russia resulted in the confiscation of her father's pharmacy and periods of near-starvation for her family.

When introduced to American history in her last year of high school, she immediately took America as her model of what a nation of free men could be.

In late 1925 she obtained permission to leave Soviet Russia for a visit to relatives in the United States.

Although she told Soviet authorities that her visit would be short, she was determined never to return to Russia, and she never did.

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Key Facts

Key Facts

type of work · Novella

genre · Anti-Utopian (The world presented is the world as it should NOT be.)

time and place written · The United States, 1937

narrator · Equality 7-2521 writes the journal of the events as they transpire over the course of several months.

point of view · Equality 7-2521 speaks in the first person (plural) He will refer to himself as “we” instead of “I.”

tone · Equality 7-2521 records his thoughts and actions in a straightforward manner, with no trace of irony.

tense · Present, with some past-tense narration

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Key Facts

Key Facts

setting (time) · Sometime in the distant future, after the collapse of the social order because of the common acceptance of collectivist values

setting (place) · An unidentified city; much of the first half of Anthem is narrated from a tunnel underground where Equality 7-2521 is hiding, and the second half is narrated from a forest where he has taken refuge from a society that hates him.

protagonist · Equality 7-2521

symbols · Light; the forest; manuscripts

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Key Literary Terms

Key Literary Terms


The central or dominant idea behind the story; the most important aspect that emerges from how the book treats the subject

Point of View:

The position or vantage point from which the events of a story seem to come and are presented to the reader


When and where the short story, play, or novel takes place


The one who tells the story


A recurrent device, formula, or situation that often serves as a signal for the appearance of a character or event

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Collectivism vs. Individualism

Collectivism vs. Individualism

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