Forces in 2-D
Normal Force and Friction Force
Normal Force is always perpendicular to the surface that an object is on.
If the surface is not parallel with the ground then FN is not perpendicular with the ground
To resolve the force we must use trigonometry
Once resolved we only use the forces that are perpendicular to each
other in solving problems
Fg is no longer useful as we now know its vector components (Fgx and Fgy)
can ignore now
If this box is moving with uniform motion then Fnet=0
FN+Fy = Fg
Ff = Fx
A 30.0kg crate experiences an applied force of 100N acting at an angle of 30O above the horizontal. What is the normal force FN on the block?
What is the horizontal acceleration?
A force that oppose two objects sliding against one another.
a) kinetic friction
b) static friction
The frictional force that occurs between two objects sliding against each other.
3 basic rules
1. fk is independent of velocity
2. fk is independent of contact surface area
3. fk is directly proportional to FN and how ‘rough’ the surfaces are
fk = k FN
coefficient of friction
k is the coefficient of friction, the larger the value the ‘rougher’ or stickier’ the surfaces are.
k= 0 is a frictionless surface
k = 1 means that you would use the same energy to slide a body as to pick it up
A 20 kg sled slides over a horizontal icy surface against a frictional force of 16N. Find the Coefficient of kinetic friction between the sled and the ice.