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The Chemistry of Acids and Bases
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Slide 1

The Chemistry of Acids and Bases

The Chemistry of Acids and Bases

Chemistry I Chapter 19

Chemistry I HD Chapter 16

ICP Chapter 23

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Slide 2

Acid and Bases

Acid and Bases

Slide 3

Acid and Bases

Acid and Bases

Slide 4

Acid and Bases

Acid and Bases

Slide 5

Acids

Acids

Have a sour taste. Vinegar is a solution of acetic acid. Citrus

fruits contain citric acid.

React with certain metals to produce hydrogen gas.

React with carbonates and bicarbonates to produce carbon

dioxide gas

Have a bitter taste.

Feel slippery. Many soaps contain bases.

Bases

Slide 6

Some Properties of Acids

Some Properties of Acids

Produce H+ (as H3O+) ions in water (the hydronium ion is a hydrogen ion attached to a water molecule)

Taste sour

Corrode metals

Electrolytes

React with bases to form a salt and water

pH is less than 7

Turns blue litmus paper to red Blue to Red A-CID

Slide 7

Acid Nomenclature Review

Acid Nomenclature Review

No Oxygen

w/Oxygen

An easy way to remember which goes with which

In the cafeteria, you ATE something ICky

Slide 8

Acid Nomenclature Review

Acid Nomenclature Review

HBr (aq)

H2CO3

H2SO3

 hydrobromic acid

 carbonic acid

 sulfurous acid

Slide 9

Name Em!

Name Em!

HI (aq)

HCl (aq)

H2SO3

HNO3

HIO4

Slide 10

Some Properties of Bases

Some Properties of Bases

Produce OH- ions in water

Taste bitter, chalky

Are electrolytes

Feel soapy, slippery

React with acids to form salts and water

pH greater than 7

Turns red litmus paper to blue Basic Blue

Slide 11

Some Common Bases

Some Common Bases

NaOH sodium hydroxide lye

KOH potassium hydroxide liquid soap

Ba(OH)2 barium hydroxide stabilizer for plastics

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