An early history
Mount Zion, Jerusalem
Ancient Canaan 1700 - 1386 B.C.E
Pharaoh Amenhotep ruled over Egypt and Canaan
The Pharoah Ramses III forced the Philistines to settle in Canaan
In 1750 B.C.E - The12 tribes of Israel settled in Egypt from Mesopotamia, the bands of ancient Hebrews descended from the patriarch Jacob
In 1250 B.C.E , the Israelites led by Moses, escaped from Egypt and lived in the desert.
Mount Sinai is where Moses received the ten commandments from God
Moses appointed Joshua and Caleb as military leaders
Joshua and the Israelites defeated the Philistines living in Canaan.
Later, Saul was anointed the first King of Israel 1020- 1000 B.C.E
Later, David defeated Goliath and became King. He also took over the city of Jerusalem. David brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem
The kingdom of Israel reached the height of its existence and included the most territory under the reign of King David (1000–961 B.C.E).
Its borders stretched far beyond present-day Israeli borders and included parts of what is now Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Egypt.
King Solomon, the second son of David had the first temple built on Mount Zion in Jerusalem. (reigned 961-922 B.C.E)
By 970 B.C.E, Jerusalem was a very powerful city.
The Temple housing the Ark became
the House of Yahweh for the Israelites.
After Solomon's death, Israel split into two: Israel and Judah.
During this time, Isaiah prophesies
that a Messiah is to appear on earth
as a savior of humankind.
The Babylonians worshipped Marduk.
Nebuchadnezzar, the King of Babylon defeated Assyria and Egypt in 605 B.C.E
During his 43-year reign, Nebuchadnezzar II expanded the kingdom of Babylonia by conquering much of south-western Asia.
He also captured Jerusalem, taking many of the captive Jews to Babylon.
He had the Temple destroyed and the Ark of the Covenant disappeared.
Most of the Jews where forced into exile and Jerusalem became a wasteland.