The tradition of the Cabinet dates back to the beginnings of the Presidency itself.
One of the principal purposes of the Cabinet (drawn from Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution) is to advise the President on any subject he may require relating to the duties of their respective offices.
The President nominates and the Senate must confirm the nominee.
President will usually reward loyal party members and may often select 1 position from the opposition party.
Multiculturalism is often taken into consideration.
Advises President on foreign policy.
Negotiates treaties with foreign countries.
Office of Passport Services.
Thomas Jefferson - 1st
Secretary of State today is Condoleezza Rice.
Produces coins and bills; collects taxes
Enforces alcohol, tobacco and firearms laws.
IRS and United States Mint.
Alexander Hamilton - 1st
Secretary of Treasury today is Henry Paulson.
Provides military forces to deter war and protect the nation’s security.
Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Departments of Navy, Army and Air Force.
Henry Knox – 1st.
Secretary of Defense today is Robert Gates.
Prosecutes those accused of violating federal law.
Provides legal advice for President
Represents US in court
FBI, DEA, ATF, US Marshals.
Edmond Randolph – 1st.
Attorney General today is Alberto Gonzalez.
Manages public lands, wildlife refuges, and national parks.
Helps Native Americans manage their affairs.
US Fish and Wildlife Service.
National park Service.
Thomas Ewing - 1st
Secretary of Interior today is Dirk Kempthorne.
Manages national forests.