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PH Calculations
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Slide 1

pH Calculations

pH Calculations

Soren Sorensen

Slide 2

pH Scale

pH Scale

Slide 3

Self-Ionization of Water

Self-Ionization of Water

H2O + H2O  H3O+ + OH-

Though pure water is considered a non-conductor, there is a slight, but measurable conductivity due to self-ionization

Slide 4

Kw  Ionization Constant for Water

Kw Ionization Constant for Water

In pure water at 25 C:

[H3O+] = 1 x 10-7 mol/L

[OH-] = 1 x 10-7 mol/L

Kw is a constant at 25 C:

Kw = [H3O+][OH-]

Kw = (1 x 10-7)(1 x 10-7) = 1 x 10-14

Slide 5

Calculating pH, pOH

Calculating pH, pOH

pH = -log10(H3O+)

pOH = -log10(OH-)

Relationship between pH and pOH

pH + pOH = 14

Finding [H3O+], [OH-] from pH, pOH

[H3O+] = 10-pH

[OH-] = 10-pOH

Slide 6

pH + pOH = 14

pH + pOH = 14

Slide 7

Contents

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