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Resonance
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Slide 1

Resonance

Resonance

Resonance is invoked when more than one valid Lewis structure can be written for a particular molecule.

The actual structure is an average of the resonance

structures.

Benzene, C6H6

The bond lengths in the ring are identical, and

between those of single and double bonds.

Slide 2

Resonance Bond Length and Bond Energy

Resonance Bond Length and Bond Energy

Resonance bonds are shorter and stronger than single bonds.

Resonance bonds are longer and weaker than double

bonds.

Slide 3

Resonance in Ozone, O3

Resonance in Ozone, O3

Neither structure is correct.

Oxygen bond lengths are identical, and intermediate to single and double bonds

Slide 4

Resonance in Polyatomic Ions

Resonance in Polyatomic Ions

Resonance in a carbonate ion:

Resonance in an acetate ion:

Slide 5

The Localized Electron Model

The Localized Electron Model

Lewis structures are an application of the Localized Electron Model

L.E.M. says: Electron pairs can be thought of as belonging to pairs of atoms when bonding

Resonance points out a weakness in the Localized Electron Model.

Slide 6

Models

Models

Models are attempts to explain how nature operates on the microscopic level based on experiences in the macroscopic world.

Models can be physical as with this DNA model

Models can be mathematical

Models can be theoretical or philosophical

Slide 7

Fundamental Properties of Models

Fundamental Properties of Models

A model does not equal reality.

Models are oversimplifications, and are therefore often wrong.

Models become more complicated as they age.

We must understand the underlying assumptions in a model so that we dont misuse it.

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