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Slide 1

Chapter 2 Atoms and Elements

Chapter 2 Atoms and Elements

The Atom

Atomic Number and Mass Number

Isotopes

Slide 2

Atomic Theory

Atomic Theory

Atoms are building blocks of elements

Similar atoms in each element

Different from atoms of other elements

Two or more different atoms bond in simple ratios to form compounds

Slide 3

Subatomic Particles

Subatomic Particles

Particle Symbol Charge Relative

Mass

Electron e- 1- 0

Proton p+ + 1

Neutron n 0 1

Slide 4

Location of Subatomic Particles

Location of Subatomic Particles

10-13 cm

electrons

protons

neutrons

10-8 cm

nucleus

Slide 5

Atomic Number

Atomic Number

Counts the number

of

protons

in an atom

Slide 6

Atomic Number on the Periodic Table

Atomic Number on the Periodic Table

11

Na

Atomic Number

Symbol

Slide 7

All atoms of an element have the same number of protons

All atoms of an element have the same number of protons

11

Na

11 protons

Sodium

Slide 8

Learning Check

Learning Check

State the number of protons for atoms of each of the following:

A. Nitrogen

1) 5 protons 2) 7 protons 3) 14 protons

B. Sulfur

1) 32 protons 2) 16 protons 3) 6 protons

C. Barium

1) 137 protons 2) 81 protons 3) 56 protons

Slide 9

Solution

Solution

State the number of protons for atoms of each of the following:

A. Nitrogen

2) 7 protons

B. Sulfur

2) 16 protons

C. Barium

3) 56 protons

Slide 10

Mass Number

Mass Number

Counts the number

of

protons and neutrons

in an atom

Slide 11

Atomic Symbols

Atomic Symbols

Show the mass number and atomic number

Give the symbol of the element

mass number

23 Na sodium-23

atomic number 11

Slide 12

Number of Electrons

Number of Electrons

An atom is neutral

The net charge is zero

Number of protons = Number of electrons

Atomic number = Number of electrons

Slide 13

Subatomic Particles in Some Atoms

Subatomic Particles in Some Atoms

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