Free Powerpoint Presentations

Coastal processes
Page
2

DOWNLOAD

PREVIEW

WATCH ALL SLIDES

sand spit - low tongue of land or a relatively long, narrow shoal extending from the land.

Slide 8

Gabions: Boulders and rocks are wired into mesh cages and usually placed in front of areas vulnerable to heavy to moderate erosion.

Gabions: Boulders and rocks are wired into mesh cages and usually placed in front of areas vulnerable to heavy to moderate erosion.

onshore transport - movement of sediment or water toward the shore.

Slide 9

Coastal profile

Coastal profile

The offshore

Nearshore

Beach

Coast

1.Coastal profile

Slide 10

Figure 1

Figure 1

Slide 11

Processes responsible for initiating sediment Transportation

Processes responsible for initiating sediment Transportation

Changes in water level

Tides

Waves

Currents

Stream outflow

Slide 12

Coastal response

Coastal response

The areas, most directly affected by the forces of the sea are the beaches, the gulfs, and the nearshore zone regions that experience the full impact of the sea’s energy.

There are two general types of dynamic beach response to wave motion:

Response to normal condition

Response to storm condition

Slide 13

Normal condition prevail most of the time, and the wave energy is easily dissipated by the beach’s natural defence mechanisms.

Normal condition prevail most of the time, and the wave energy is easily dissipated by the beach’s natural defence mechanisms.

When storm conditions generates waves containing increased amounts of energy, the coast must respond with extraordinary measures, such as sacrificing large section of beach and dune.

Alternate erosion and accretion may be seasonal on some beaches; the winter storm waves erode the beach, and the summer waves rebuilds it.

Slide 14

Another nearshore dynamical system is littoral transport - the movement of sediments in the nearshore zone by waves and currents.

Another nearshore dynamical system is littoral transport - the movement of sediments in the nearshore zone by waves and currents.

Littoral transport is divided into two general classes:

Longshore transport: Transport parallel to the shore.

Onshore-offshore transport:

Transport perpendicular to the shore.

Slide 15

Modes of Sediment transport

Modes of Sediment transport

Sediments are transported as,

Bed load transport

The bed load is the part of the total load that is more or less in contact with the bed during the transport. It primarily includes grains that roll, slide or bounce along the bed.

experiment and theory suggest that the rate of bedload transport (qb) is proportional to the cube of the shear velocity,

i.e. qb ∝ u *3 ……………………………………………….A

Slide 16

Go to page:
 1  2  3  4  5  6 

Contents

Last added presentations

© 2010-2021 powerpoint presentations