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Power and measuring it
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If a motor lifts the water

from a depth h1 and then

raises to a height h2 then

the power of the motor is

given by

9/3/2015

16

RGUIIIT BASAR

Slide 17

Power of heart

Power of heart

Power of heart = work/time

= (F.s)/t

= (PxA.s)/t

= (PxV )/t

= (hdgV)/t

(P = pressure,A = area of vessel, V = volume of vessel and

s = length of the vessel)

Thus power of heart = P(V/t) = (hdgV)/t

= Pressure x volume of blood pumped per second

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RGUIIIT BASAR

Slide 18

Heart problem

Heart problem

The heart of a man pumps 4 litres of blood per minute at a pressure of 130 m.m. of Hg. If the density of the blood is 13.6 gm/c.c. calculate the power of the heart.

Solution:-

Power of heart = (hdgV)/t

= 1.155watt.

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RGUIIIT BASAR

Slide 19

Power of lungs

Power of lungs

Power of lungs =

(mass of air blown per second ) x (velocity)2

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RGUIIIT BASAR

Slide 20

Work in terms of power

Work in terms of power

The work done by from time t1 to time t2 is given by

Where P = F.v

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RGUIIIT BASAR

W

Slide 21

Power

Power

If force F acted on a body of mass m which is at rest , then the power produced in that body in time t is given by

P = F.v

= F(F/m)t

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RGUIIIT BASAR

V = u + at

= 0 + at

= at

= (F/m)t

P

P = Fv

= mav

= ma(at)

= ma2t

Slide 22

A box of mass m moved along a straight line by a machine delivering constant power(P).Then the distance moved by the body in terms of m, P & t is given by

A box of mass m moved along a straight line by a machine delivering constant power(P).Then the distance moved by the body in terms of m, P & t is given by

Solution:- P=Fv = mav

P= m(dv/dt)v

vdv = (P/m)dt ,by integrating we get

dx/dt

On integrating we get,

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RGUIIIT BASAR

Slide 23

Electrical power

Electrical power

Electrical power

Instantaneous electrical power

The instantaneous electrical power P delivered to a component is given by

P(t) = V(t).I(t)

where P(t) is the instantaneous power, measured in watts (joules per second)

V(t) is the potential difference (or voltage drop) across the component, measured in volts

I(t) is the current through it, measured in amperes

If the component is a resistor, then:

P = V.I = I2 .R

where R is the resistance, measured in ohms.

9/3/2015

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