Free Powerpoint Presentations

Covalent Bonding (Molecules)
Page
1

DOWNLOAD

PREVIEW

WATCH ALL SLIDES

Slide 1

Covalent Bonding

Covalent Bonding

Bonding models for methane, CH4. Models are NOT reality. Each has its own strengths and limitations.

Slide 2

CA Standards

CA Standards

Students know atoms combine to form molecules by sharing electrons to form covalent or metallic bonds or by exchanging electrons to form ionic bonds.

Students know chemical bonds between atoms in molecules such as H2, CH4, NH3, H2CCH2, N2, Cl2, and many large biological molecules are covalent.

Students know how to draw Lewis dot structures.

Slide 3

The Octet Rule and Covalent Compounds

The Octet Rule and Covalent Compounds

Covalent compounds tend to form so that each atom, by sharing electrons, has an octet of electrons in its highest occupied energy level.

Covalent compounds involve atoms of nonmetals only.

The term molecule is used exclusively for covalent bonding

Slide 4

The Octet Rule: The Diatomic Fluorine Molecule

The Octet Rule: The Diatomic Fluorine Molecule

F

F

1s

1s

2s

2s

2p

2p

Each has seven valence electrons

F

F

Slide 5

The Octet Rule: The Diatomic Oxygen Molecule

The Octet Rule: The Diatomic Oxygen Molecule

O

O

1s

1s

2s

2s

2p

2p

Each has six valence electrons

O

O

Slide 6

The Octet Rule: The Diatomic Nitrogen Molecule

The Octet Rule: The Diatomic Nitrogen Molecule

N

N

1s

1s

2s

2s

2p

2p

Each has five valence electrons

N

N

Slide 7

Lewis Structures

Lewis Structures

Lewis structures show how valence electrons are arranged among atoms in a molecule.

Lewis structures Reflect the central idea that stability of a compound relates to noble gas electron configuration.

Shared electrons pairs are covalent bonds and can be represented by two dots (:) or by a single line ( - )

Slide 8

The HONC Rule

The HONC Rule

Hydrogen (and Halogens) form one covalent bond

Oxygen (and sulfur) form two covalent bonds

One double bond, or two single bonds

Nitrogen (and phosphorus) form three covalent bonds

One triple bond, or three single bonds, or one double bond and a single bond

Carbon (and silicon) form four covalent bonds.

Two double bonds, or four single bonds, or a triple and a single, or a double and two singles

Slide 9

Completing a Lewis Structure -CH3Cl

Completing a Lewis Structure -CH3Cl

Go to page:
 1  2 

Contents

Last added presentations

2010-2018 powerpoint presentations