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Cell membrane transport
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Transport through cell membranes

Transport through cell membranes

Slide 2

Transport through cell membranes

Transport through cell membranes

The phospholipid bilayer is a good barrier around cells, especially to water soluble molecules. However, for the cell to survive some materials need to be able to enter and leave the cell.

There are 4 basic mechanisms:

DIFFUSION and FACILITATED DIFFUSION

OSMOSIS

ACTIVE TRANSPORT

BULK TRANSPORT

Slide 3

Diffusion of liquids

Diffusion of liquids

Slide 4

Diffusion is the net movement of molecules (or ions) from a region of their high concentration to a region of their lower concentration. The molecules move down a concentration gradient. Molecules have kinetic energy, which makes them move about randomly. As a result of diffusion molecules reach an equilibrium where they are evenly spread out. This is when there is no net movement of molecules from either side.

Diffusion is the net movement of molecules (or ions) from a region of their high concentration to a region of their lower concentration. The molecules move down a concentration gradient. Molecules have kinetic energy, which makes them move about randomly. As a result of diffusion molecules reach an equilibrium where they are evenly spread out. This is when there is no net movement of molecules from either side.

Slide 5

DIFFUSION

DIFFUSION

Diffusion is a PASSIVE process which means no energy is used to make the molecules move, they have a natural kinetic energy.

Slide 6

Diffusion of Bromine

Diffusion of Bromine

Slide 7

Diffusion of Bromine

Diffusion of Bromine

Slide 8

Diffusion through a membrane

Diffusion through a membrane

Cell membrane

Inside cell

Outside cell

Slide 9

Diffusion through a membrane

Diffusion through a membrane

Cell membrane

Inside cell

Outside cell

diffusion

Slide 10

Diffusion through a membrane

Diffusion through a membrane

Cell membrane

Inside cell

Outside cell

EQUILIBRIUM

Slide 11

Diffusion of Bromine

Slide 12

Diffusion of Bromine

Slide 13

What determines the rate of diffusion? There 4 factors:

What determines the rate of diffusion? There 4 factors:

The steepness of the concentration gradient. The bigger the difference between the two sides of the membrane the quicker the rate of diffusion.

Temperature. Higher temperatures give molecules or ions more kinetic energy. Molecules move around faster, so diffusion is faster.

The surface area. The greater the surface area the faster the diffusion can take place. This is because the more molecules or ions can cross the membrane at any one moment.

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