The wheel was invented by 6000 BC!
It helped military, farming and trade.
At right, this is made of wood.
Code of Hammurabi
“eye for an eye tooth for a tooth”
Any questions before the quiz?
Political:What law system did Sumerians use? Hint: It can be summed: eye for eye; tooth for tooth.
Economic: How did Mesopotamians earn a living?
Geography:Between what 2 rivers did the Fertile Crescent appear?
Social:What type of writing did they use?
Egyptian civilization arose a bit after Mesopotamia.
Geography: It was centered around the Nile River.
The Nile River
These are the Giza pyramids, the most famous.
Pyramids were tombs for the kings.
These were built in 3500 B.C.E.
How old are they?
Egyptians were led by Pharaohs.
They were priest-kings
King Tut is the most famous
Using computers, this image was reconstructed using his remains
Tutankhamun on the throne
Abu Simbel was built by Ramseses II
Egyptians who could afford to do so would have themselves mummified.
They believed in a better afterlife if their body was preserved.
The Egyptians took out all of the internal organs, except the heart. When they removed them the organs were put in canopic jars, that were put in the tomb with the mummy. They did not take out the heart because it was believed to be the intelligence and emotion of the person. The Egyptians thought the brain had no significant value, so they took it out through the nose. The body was packed and covered with natron (a salty drying agent). After this the body was left for 40-50 days.