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Ancient Civilizations
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The wheel was invented by 6000 BC!

It helped military, farming and trade.

At right, this is made of wood.

Slide 18

Political:Mesopotamian Law

Political:Mesopotamian Law

Code of Hammurabi

“eye for an eye tooth for a tooth”

Slide 19

That concludes Mesopotamia.

That concludes Mesopotamia.

Any questions before the quiz?

Slide 20

Mesopotamia Quiz

Mesopotamia Quiz

Political:What law system did Sumerians use? Hint: It can be summed: eye for eye; tooth for tooth.

Economic: How did Mesopotamians earn a living?

Geography:Between what 2 rivers did the Fertile Crescent appear?

Social:What type of writing did they use?

Slide 21

ANCIENT EGYPT

ANCIENT EGYPT

Nile River

Mummies

Pharaohs

Rameses

King Tutankhamen

Hieroglyphics

Slide 22

Egyptian civilization

Egyptian civilization

Egyptian civilization arose a bit after Mesopotamia.

Geography: It was centered around the Nile River.

Slide 23

The Nile River

The Nile River

Slide 24

Pyramids

Pyramids

These are the Giza pyramids, the most famous.

Pyramids were tombs for the kings.

These were built in 3500 B.C.E.

How old are they?

Slide 25

Pyramids

Slide 26

Political:Egyptian Pharaohs

Political:Egyptian Pharaohs

Egyptians were led by Pharaohs.

They were priest-kings

King Tut is the most famous

Using computers, this image was reconstructed using his remains

Slide 27

Tutankhamun

Tutankhamun

Slide 28

Tutankhamun on the throne

Tutankhamun on the throne

Slide 29

Abu Simbel was built by Ramseses II

Abu Simbel was built by Ramseses II

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Mummies

Mummies

Egyptians who could afford to do so would have themselves mummified.

They believed in a better afterlife if their body was preserved.

Slide 31

The Egyptians took out all of the internal organs, except the heart. When they removed them the organs were put in canopic jars, that were put in the tomb with the mummy. They did not take out the heart because it was believed to be the intelligence and emotion of the person. The Egyptians thought the brain had no significant value, so they took it out through the nose. The body was packed and covered with natron (a salty drying agent). After this the body was left for 40-50 days.

The Egyptians took out all of the internal organs, except the heart. When they removed them the organs were put in canopic jars, that were put in the tomb with the mummy. They did not take out the heart because it was believed to be the intelligence and emotion of the person. The Egyptians thought the brain had no significant value, so they took it out through the nose. The body was packed and covered with natron (a salty drying agent). After this the body was left for 40-50 days.

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