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Ancient Civilizations
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Slide 32

Mummies

Mummies

Slide 33

Egyptians wrote in hieroglyphics

Egyptians wrote in hieroglyphics

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Hieroglyphics

Hieroglyphics

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What did Egyptians write on?

What did Egyptians write on?

Ancient Egyptians used papyrus, a substance derived from the plant of the same name

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The Great Sphinx is located on the Giza plateau, about six miles west of Cairo.

The Great Sphinx is located on the Giza plateau, about six miles west of Cairo.

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Nubia

Nubia

People around the world have learnt about the glorious past of the Egyptian empire, but most have failed to learn of the Nubia, which was sometimes even stronger than the Egyptian empire. Nubia rivaled Egypt in wealth and power, and mutually influenced each other.

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The Egyptians called them the Kush. The Kush was comparable with Egypt, and both states communicated with each other constantly. Today we do not hear of Nubia nor Kush. In its place is nothern Sudan. With the construction of the Aswan high dam in the 1960s, Nubian land was flooded and that forced some 100,000 Nubians to seek new homes in Egyptian and Sudanese cities. Nubia's glorious past is now under water.

The Egyptians called them the Kush. The Kush was comparable with Egypt, and both states communicated with each other constantly. Today we do not hear of Nubia nor Kush. In its place is nothern Sudan. With the construction of the Aswan high dam in the 1960s, Nubian land was flooded and that forced some 100,000 Nubians to seek new homes in Egyptian and Sudanese cities. Nubia's glorious past is now under water.

Slide 39

The Great Sphinx & Cheferen

The Great Sphinx & Cheferen

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Egyptian economy

Egyptian economy

Although Egypt looks really sophisticated, the economy is a traditional economy based on farming and trade.

Egyptians traded up and down the Nile, with Mesopotamians and sometimes with Indus Valley (in Pakistan)

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That concludes Egypt.

That concludes Egypt.

Any questions before the quiz?

Slide 42

Egypt Quiz

Egypt Quiz

1.What river is the basis for Egyptian civilization?

2.What “paper” did Egyptians write on?

3. What is an Egyptian ruler called?

4.What writing system did Egyptians use?

5.What other African kingdom did Egypt trade and interact with?

6. What type of economic system did Egypt have?

Slide 43

Indus Valley civilization

Indus Valley civilization

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