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Ancient Civilizations
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Slide 56

E:Chinese invented silk

E:Chinese invented silk

Silk was exotic and expensive, so it was good for trading with the rest of the world.

It is made from silk worms.

Silk also makes “paper”

Slide 57

Silk worm

Silk worm

Slide 58

S:Chinese astronomy

S:Chinese astronomy

2137 BC - Chinese book 书经 records the earliest known solar eclipse on October 22.

ca. 2000 BC - Chinese determine that Jupiter needs 12 years to complete one revolution of its orbit.

ca. 1400 BC - Chinese record the regularity of solar and lunar eclipses and the earliest known solar variation日珥.

ca. 1200 BC - Chinese divide the sky into twenty eight regions 二十八宿 for recognitions of the stars.

ca. 1100 BC - Chinese first determine the spring equinox 黄赤交角.

776 BC - Chinese make the earliest reliably record of solar eclipse.

Slide 59

Ancient Civilizations

Slide 60

According to Chinese political theory, every dynasty goes through the so-called dynastic cycle:

According to Chinese political theory, every dynasty goes through the so-called dynastic cycle:

A new ruler unites China and founds a new dynasty.

China, under the new dynasty, achieves prosperity and a new golden age.

The royal family of the dynasty begins to decay, corruption becomes rampant in the imperial court, and the empire begins to enter decline and instability.

The dynasty loses the Mandate of Heaven, their legitimacy to rule, and is overthrown by a rebellion. The Mandate of Heaven is then passed to the next dynasty

Slide 61

Ancient Civilizations

Slide 62

Ancient China

Ancient China

Slide 63

Chinese pyramids!!!!

Chinese pyramids!!!!

Slide 64

The Great Wall of China was built to keep the Mongols out.

The Great Wall of China was built to keep the Mongols out.

Slide 65

Many died building it, and their bodies were used as filler for it.

Many died building it, and their bodies were used as filler for it.

Slide 66

That concludes China.

That concludes China.

Any questions before we take the quiz?

Slide 67

Ancient China Quiz

Ancient China Quiz

P: In China, according to the dynastic cycle, what happened to “bad kings”?

E: How did the Chinese earn a living?

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