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Thomas Jefferson – The Country’s Greatest President




John Adams, the 1st President to live in Washington, D.C., leaves before Jefferson’s inauguration

Jefferson’s Inauguration takes place on March 4, 1801 in Washington, D.C.—the 1st done there

The unfinished White House and Capitol were just about the only buildings in town

Slide 11

4. The Election of 1800

4. The Election of 1800

Federalists fear what Jefferson will say—will he start a new revolution?

Jefferson, surprisingly, calls for unity—he states “We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.”

Jefferson DOES NOT propose to change or destroy the structure of the federal government.

Slide 12

Accomplishments made during early part of Jefferson’s 1st term

Accomplishments made during early part of Jefferson’s 1st term

Appointed Albert Gallatin as Secretary of the Treasury

Cut military spending

Reduced the army from 4000 to 2500 men

Reduced the navy from 25 to 7 ships

Reduced national debt from $83 million to $45 million

Cut ALL internal taxes

Slide 13

5. Accomplishments made during early part of Jefferson’s 1st term

5. Accomplishments made during early part of Jefferson’s 1st term

Only source of government income: tariffs and sales of Western land

Let the Alien and Sedition Acts expire

Slide 14

Issues with the Courts

Issues with the Courts

Marbury vs. Madison: Does William Marbury, one of John Adams’ last minute “midnight judges,” receive his commission to be judge or not?

Jefferson had James Madison refuse to give the commission to Marbury

Issue went before the Supreme Court

Ruling became a precedent—an example for future court cases

Slide 15

6. Issues with the Courts

6. Issues with the Courts

With Marbury vs. Madison, the Supreme Court established the concept of “Judicial Review” of laws

Judicial Review means that the Court may decide if a law is constitutional or not.

If a law is judged to be unconstitutional, or goes against the U.S. Constitution, then the law ceases to be a law.

Slide 16

The Louisiana Purchase

The Louisiana Purchase

By 1800, the western boundary of the U.S. was the Mississippi.

The Louisiana Territory, that is all lands west of the Mississippi River which drained into the river, was originally controlled by France.

As part of losing the French-Indian War, France ceded, or gave, the Louisiana Territory to Spain

Slide 17

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