Page

**2**

4 2 4 7 13 10

8 16 36 92

2 4 9 23 82

Slide 10

The binomial (x a) is a factor of the

polynomial f(x) if and only if f(a) = 0.

Slide 11

The Factor Theorem

When a polynomial is divided by one of its

binomial factors, the quotient is called a

depressed polynomial.

If the remainder (last number in a depressed

polynomial) is zero, that means f(#) = 0. This

also means that the divisor resulting in a

remainder of zero is a factor of the polynomial.

Slide 12

The Factor Theorem

x3 + 4x2 15x 18

x 3

3 1 4 15 18

3 21 18

1 7 6 0

Since the remainder is zero, (x 3) is a factor of

x3 + 4x2 15x 18.

This also allows us to find the remaining factors of

the polynomial by factoring the depressed polynomial.

Slide 13

The Factor Theorem

x3 + 4x2 15x 18

x 3

3 1 4 15 18

3 21 18

1 7 6 0

x2 + 7x + 6

(x + 6)(x + 1)

The factors of

x3 + 4x2 15x 18

are

(x 3)(x + 6)(x + 1).

Slide 14

The Factor Theorem

(x 3)(x + 6)(x + 1).

Compare the factors

of the polynomials

to the zeros as seen

on the graph of

x3 + 4x2 15x 18.

Slide 15

The Factor Theorem

Given a polynomial and one of its factors, find the remaining

factors of the polynomial. Some factors may not be binomials.

x3 11x2 + 14x + 80

x 8

2. 2x3 + 7x2 33x 18

x + 6

(x 8)(x 5)(x + 2)

(x + 6)(2x + 1)(x 3)

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