# The Remainder and Factor TheoremsPage 1

Slide 1

## The Remainder and Factor Theorems

Check for Understanding 3103.3.21  Factor polynomials using a variety of methods including the factor theorem, synthetic division, long division, sums and differences of cubes, and grouping.

Slide 2

## The Remainder Theorem

If a polynomial f(x) is divided by (x  a),

the remainder is the constant f(a), and

f(x) = q(x) ∙ (x  a) + f(a)

where q(x) is a polynomial with degree

one less than the degree of f(x).

Dividend equals quotient times divisor plus remainder.

Slide 3

The Remainder Theorem

Find f(3) for the following polynomial function.

f(x) = 5x2  4x + 3

f(3) = 5(3)2  4(3) + 3

f(3) = 5 ∙ 9  12 + 3

f(3) = 45  12 + 3

f(3) = 36

Slide 4

The Remainder Theorem

Now divide the same polynomial by (x  3).

5x2  4x + 3

3 5 4 3

5

36

11

33

15

Slide 5

The Remainder Theorem

5x2  4x + 3

3 5 4 3

15 33

5 11 36

f(x) = 5x2  4x + 3

f(3) = 5(3)2  4(3) + 3

f(3) = 5 ∙ 9  12 + 3

f(3) = 45  12 + 3

f(3) = 36

Notice that the value obtained when evaluating the function at f(3) and the value

of the remainder when dividing the polynomial by x  3 are the same.

Dividend equals quotient times divisor plus remainder.

5x2  4x + 3 = (5x2 + 11x) ∙ (x  3) + 36

Slide 6

The Remainder Theorem

Use synthetic substitution to find g(4) for the

following function.

f(x) = 5x4  13x3  14x2  47x + 1

4 5 13 14 47 1

20 28 56 36

5 7 14 9 37

Slide 7

The Remainder Theorem

Synthetic Substitution  using synthetic

division to evaluate a function

This is especially helpful for polynomials with

degree greater than 2.

Slide 8

The Remainder Theorem

Use synthetic substitution to find g(2) for the

following function.

f(x) = 5x4  13x3  14x2  47x + 1

2 5 13 14 47 1

10 46 64 222

5 23 32 111 223

Slide 9

The Remainder Theorem

Use synthetic substitution to find c(4) for the

following function.

c(x) = 2x4  4x3  7x2  13x  10

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