# Newton's LawsPage 3

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Action: earth pulls on you

Reaction: you pull on earth

Action and Reaction on Different Masses

Consider you and the earth

Slide 24

Action: tire pushes on road

Reaction: road pushes on tire

Slide 25

Action: rocket pushes on gases

Reaction: gases push on rocket

Slide 26

Consider hitting a baseball with a bat. If we call the force applied to the ball by the bat the action force, identify the reaction force.

(a) the force applied to the bat by the hands

(b) the force applied to the bat by the ball

(c) the force the ball carries with it in flight

(d) the centrifugal force in the swing

(b) the force applied to the bat by the ball

Slide 27

Newton’s 3rd Law

Suppose you are taking a space walk near the space shuttle, and your safety line breaks. How would you get back to the shuttle?

Slide 28

Newton’s 3rd Law

The thing to do would be to take one of the tools from your tool belt and throw it is hard as you can directly away from the shuttle. Then, with the help of Newton's second and third laws, you will accelerate back towards the shuttle. As you throw the tool, you push against it, causing it to accelerate. At the same time, by Newton's third law, the tool is pushing back against you in the opposite direction, which causes you to accelerate back towards the shuttle, as desired.

Slide 29

What Laws are represented?

Slide 30

Slide 31

Review

Newton’s First Law:

Objects in motion tend to stay in motion and objects at rest tend to stay at rest unless acted upon by an unbalanced force.

Newton’s Second Law:

Force equals mass times acceleration (F = ma).

Newton’s Third Law:

For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

Slide 32

Newton's Laws

1stlaw: Homer is large and has much mass, therefore he has much inertia. Friction and gravity oppose his motion.

2nd law: Homer’s mass x 9.8 m/s/s equals his weight, which is a force.

3rd law: Homer pushes against the ground and it pushes back.

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