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Nutrition 2
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Slide 12

Proportionality

Proportionality

Proportionality is shown by the different widths of the food group bands. The widths suggest how much food a person should choose from each group. The widths are just a general guide, not exact proportions. Check the website for how much is right for you.

Slide 13

VARIETY

VARIETY

Variety is symbolized by the 6 color bands representing the 5 food groups of the Pyramid and oils. This illustrates that foods from all groups are needed each day for good health

Slide 14

Gradual Improvement

Gradual Improvement

Gradual improvement is encouraged by the slogan. It suggests that individuals can benefit from taking small steps to improve their diet and lifestyle each day.

Slide 15

WORKSHEET

WORKSHEET

Slide 16

Nutrients

Nutrients

What are nutrients?

Essential substances that your body needs in order to grow and stay healthy

Six categories of nutrients:

Carbohydrates

Proteins

Minerals

Vitamins

Fats

Water

Slide 17

Structure and function: Carbohydrates are sugars and starches that the body uses for ENERGY!

Structure and function: Carbohydrates are sugars and starches that the body uses for ENERGY!

PLANTS are the major source of carbohydrates in the food we eat.

Carbohydrates

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Slide 18

Simple Carbohydrates

Simple Carbohydrates

Sugars that are quickly digested and provide a BOOST of energy for the body

Foods with LOTS of sugar: oranges, milk, cookies, candy

Slide 19

Starches that are composed of many sugars linked together

Starches that are composed of many sugars linked together

They provide the body with long-term energy since they are digested more slowly than sugars.

Foods with

LOTS of starch: rice, beans, potatoes

Complex Carbohydrates

Slide 20

Protein

Protein

Structure: Proteins are made from many amino acids connected together in different arrangements.

Function: Provide the building materials your body needs to grow and repair itself

Slide 21

Essential Amino Acids

Essential Amino Acids

9 of the 20 amino acids are called essential amino acids because you must obtain them from the foods you eat since your body cannot make them.

Slide 22

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