Proportionality is shown by the different widths of the food group bands. The widths suggest how much food a person should choose from each group. The widths are just a general guide, not exact proportions. Check the website for how much is right for you.
Variety is symbolized by the 6 color bands representing the 5 food groups of the Pyramid and oils. This illustrates that foods from all groups are needed each day for good health
Gradual improvement is encouraged by the slogan. It suggests that individuals can benefit from taking small steps to improve their diet and lifestyle each day.
What are nutrients?
Essential substances that your body needs in order to grow and stay healthy
Six categories of nutrients:
Structure and function: Carbohydrates are sugars and starches that the body uses for ENERGY!
PLANTS are the major source of carbohydrates in the food we eat.
© 2005 JupiterImages Corporation
Sugars that are quickly digested and provide a BOOST of energy for the body
Foods with LOTS of sugar: oranges, milk, cookies, candy
Starches that are composed of many sugars linked together
They provide the body with long-term energy since they are digested more slowly than sugars.
LOTS of starch: rice, beans, potatoes
Structure: Proteins are made from many amino acids connected together in different arrangements.
Function: Provide the building materials your body needs to grow and repair itself
9 of the 20 amino acids are called essential amino acids because you must obtain them from the foods you eat since your body cannot make them.