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Acids, Bases & Salts
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جمعرات، 28 ربیع الثانی، 1438

Slide 6

Common Strong Acids & their Anions

Common Strong Acids & their Anions

Topic 10: ACIDS, BASES & SALTS

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جمعرات، 28 ربیع الثانی، 1438

Slide 7

Common Weak Acids & their Anions

Common Weak Acids & their Anions

Topic 10: ACIDS, BASES & SALTS

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جمعرات، 28 ربیع الثانی، 1438

Slide 8

Naming of Acids

Naming of Acids

Binary Acids (H+ and a nonmetal)

hydro (nonmetal) -ide + ic acid

HCl (aq) = hydrochloric acid

Ternary Acids (H+ and a polyatomic ion)

(polyatomic ion) -ate +ic acid

HNO3 (aq) = nitric acid

(polyatomic ion) -ide +ic acid

HCN (aq) = cyanic acid

(polyatomic ion) -ite +ous acid

HNO2 (aq) = nitrous acid

جمعرات، 28 ربیع الثانی، 1438

Topic 10: ACIDS, BASES & SALTS

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Slide 9

Formula Writing of Acids

Formula Writing of Acids

Acids formulas get written like any other. Write the H+1 first, then figure out what the negative ion is based on the name. Cancel out the charges to write the formula. Dont forget the (aq) after itits only an acid if its in water!

Carbonic acid: H+1 and CO3-2 = H2CO3 (aq)

Chlorous acid: H+1 and ClO2-1 = HClO2 (aq)

Hydrobromic acid: H+1 and Br-1 = HBr (aq)

Hydronitric acid:

جمعرات، 28 ربیع الثانی، 1438

Topic 10: ACIDS, BASES & SALTS

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Slide 10

Properties of Bases

Properties of Bases

Bases react with fats to form soap and glycerol. This process is called saponification.

Bases have a pH of more than 7.

Dilute solutions of bases taste bitter.

Bases turn phenolphthalein PINK, litmus BLUE and bromthymol blue BLUE.

Bases neutralize acids.

Bases are formed when alkali metals or alkaline earth metals react with water. The words alkali and alkaline mean basic, as opposed to acidic.

جمعرات، 28 ربیع الثانی، 1438

Topic 10: ACIDS, BASES & SALTS

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Slide 11

Naming of Bases

Naming of Bases

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