Jackson is angry at cabinet
He forms an informal group of advisors, excludes cabinet input except Van Buren
Calhoun decides to resign- he doesnt like
Hayne was a Senator for S. Carolina
Suggest the West should unite with the south against the EAST.
Issues-both regions are victims of Eastern econmic tyranny
Webster Senator from Massachusetts
Responds to Hayne
Keep the Union
Liberty and Union, now and forever one and inseparable. Webster
Calhoun- Mr. Southerner
Advocate of States Rights (major cause of Civil War)
Breaks with Jackson, early, Eaton Affair
Calhoun quits to be senator from South Carolina
Jackson quote Our Federal Union it must be preserved.
Calhoun, The Union, next to our liberty most dear.
New Tariff of 1828 cause South to claim Tariff of Abominations
States Rights advocate Calhoun secretly authors
South Carolina Exposition and Protest
Created doctrine that said, states could when they follow process, Nullify Federal laws
Tariff ^ causes prices ^
Causes prices for imports to ^
Causes economic problems for the south
Causes Jackson to get tough
Sends the proclamation to people of South Carolina
Said- Nullification does not exist
No secession will be allowed
Disunion by armed force is Treason
Jackson asked Congress for Force Bill- authority to use force on nullifying states
Clay comes to the rescue with compromise
South Carolina and Calhoun back down
Bank of the US needs to be renewed
Jackson against bank (thought bank had too much power)
Clay wants US bank
Webster wanted bank
Biddle- bank president wanted bank
Jackson vetoes bank bill-
Said monopoly on bank favored Eastern rich
To make the rich richer and the potent more powerful, at the expense of the humble members of society- the farmers, mechanics, and laborers.
The federal government must provide equal protection under the law.