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Andrew Jackson – The Age of the Common Man




A number of small banks emerge called “Pet Banks”

Speculation results- inflation land and prices go up

Jackson tries to remedy the problem with a idea to have one Gold or Silver pay for land (Specie)

Causes Panic of 1837, paper money loses value, and economy goes into depression

Slide 31

Indian Removal 1830

Indian Removal 1830

Jackson believed Indians and Whites should not mix

Cherokee’s had developed a significant civilization- constitution, farming, written language, Sequoia and John Ross are important figures.

Gold was discovered on Cherokee land

State gov wanted Cherokee land

Jackson wanted to negotiate treaties for Indian Removal

Many in the tribes didn’t want to move

1830 Removal Act was passed

Offered money to relocate Indians

Indians Resist in the Courts

Slide 32

Indian Removal

Indian Removal

Law suits go to supreme court- State wins one 1831 Cherokee Nation v Georgia (ruling is unclear regarding state jurisdiction)

Cherokee win one- Worcester v. Georgia

Marshall says Indians have right to tribal lands, Feds have jurisdiction over tribes and negotiations

Jackson and Fed negotiate treaties with some Indians and others disagree 17,000 forces Indians to leave

Cherokee Indians of Georgia are forcibly removed from Territory

16,000 Indians are forced to leave Georgia and sent to Oklahoma

Slide 33

Worcester V Gerogia

Worcester V Gerogia

No. In an opinion delivered by Chief Justice John Marshall, the Court held that the Georgia act, under which Worcester was prosecuted, violated the Constitution, treaties, and laws of the United States. Noting that the "treaties and laws of the United States contemplate the Indian territory as completely separated from that of the states; and provide that all intercourse with them shall be carried on exclusively by the government of the union," Chief Justice Marshall argued, "The Cherokee nation, then, is a distinct community occupying its own territory in which the laws of Georgia can have no force. The whole intercourse between the United States and this nation, is, by our constitution and laws, vested in the government of the United States." The Georgia act thus interfered with the federal government's authority and was unconstitutional. Justice Henry Baldwin dissented for procedural reasons and on the merits.

Slide 34

Slide 35

Jackson and the Taney Court

Jackson and the Taney Court

Friend of Jackson

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