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Rate Laws
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2

+

1

= 3

 The reaction is 3rd order

Slide 11

Determining Order with Concentration vs. Time data

Determining Order with Concentration vs. Time data

(the Integrated Rate Law)

Zero Order:

First Order:

Second Order:

Slide 12

Solving an Integrated Rate Law

Solving an Integrated Rate Law

Problem: Find the integrated rate law and the value for the rate constant, k

A graphing calculator with linear regression analysis greatly simplifies this process!!

(Click here to download my Rate Laws program for theTi-83 and Ti-84)

Slide 13

Time vs. [H2O2]

Time vs. [H2O2]

y = ax + b

a = -2.64 x 10-4

b = 0.841

r2 = 0.8891

r = -0.9429

Regression results:

Slide 14

Time vs. ln[H2O2]

Time vs. ln[H2O2]

Regression results:

y = ax + b

a = -8.35 x 10-4

b = -.005

r2 = 0.99978

r = -0.9999

Slide 15

Time vs. 1/[H2O2]

Time vs. 1/[H2O2]

y = ax + b

a = 0.00460

b = -0.847

r2 = 0.8723

r = 0.9340

Regression results:

Slide 16

And the winner is… Time vs. ln[H2O2]

And the winner is… Time vs. ln[H2O2]

1. As a result, the reaction is 1st order

2. The (differential) rate law is:

3. The integrated rate law is:

4. But…what is the rate constant, k ?

Slide 17

Finding the Rate Constant, k

Finding the Rate Constant, k

Method #1: Calculate the slope from the

Time vs. ln[H2O2] table.

Now remember:

 k = -slope

k = 8.32 x 10-4s-1

Slide 18

Finding the Rate Constant, k

Finding the Rate Constant, k

Method #2: Obtain k from the linear regresssion analysis.

Now remember:

 k = -slope

k = 8.35 x 10-4s-1

Regression results:

y = ax + b

a = -8.35 x 10-4

b = -.005

r2 = 0.99978

r = -0.9999

Slide 19

Rate Laws Summary

Rate Laws Summary

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