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Slide 1

Fungi

Slide 2

Fungi

Slide 3

Fungi

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Fungal Characteristics

Fungal Characteristics

1)Cell wall made of Chitin

2)Heterotrophs and major Decomposers

3)Body is made of Long filaments of hyphae which form a mycelium

4)Reproduce sexually and asexually

Asexually by spores

Sexually by mating of hyphae filaments

Slide 5

An example of Fungi You know

An example of Fungi You know

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Mushrooms  Club Like Fungi or Basidiomycete Fungi

Mushrooms Club Like Fungi or Basidiomycete Fungi

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Bracket Fungi  Basidiomycete Fungi

Bracket Fungi Basidiomycete Fungi

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Bread Mold  a Zygomycete Fungi

Bread Mold a Zygomycete Fungi

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Cup Fungi  Ascomycete Fungi

Cup Fungi Ascomycete Fungi

Note the cup shapes and orange peel colour

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Kingdom Fungi  you must know 5 Major Phyla

Kingdom Fungi you must know 5 Major Phyla

Phylum Zygomycota = the Bread Molds

Rhizopus black bread mold

Oomycota = the Water Molds

Water mold, potato blight, mildew

Phylum Ascomycota = the Sac Fungi

Yeast, morels, truffles

Phylum Basidiomycota = the Club Fungi

Mushrooms, puffballs, bracket fungi, rusts, smuts, toadstools

Phylum Deuteromycota = the Fungi Imperfecti

Slide 11

Zygomycota (Rhizopus) the Common Molds

Zygomycota (Rhizopus) the Common Molds

-are primarily decomposers

-asexual spores may be produced in sporangia

-sexual reproduction occurs between + and strains forming a 2n zygote; a zygospore develops and may lie dormant for a long period of time; meiosis occurs just before germination

-only the zygote is diploid; all hyphae and asexual spores are haploid

Slide 12

Zygomycota  common molds

Zygomycota common molds

The fungal mass of hyphae, known as the MYCELIUM penetrates the bread and produces the fruiting bodies on top of the stalks

Mycelia = a mass of hyphae or filaments

Slide 13

Rhizoids = root-like hyphae

Rhizoids = root-like hyphae

The zhizoids meet underground and mating occurs between hyphae of different molds (SEXUAL REPRODUCTION)

Slide 14

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