Greece is a peninsula about the size of Louisiana in the Mediterranean Sea.
It’s very close to Egypt, the Persian empire (includes Turkey) and Rome.
Greece is mountainous
Greek communities often times developed independently because of the mountains, thus they were diverse
As a result, they fought each other a lot.
Since Greek coastal cities were sandwiched between the ocean and the sea, they developed an awesome navy for trading and fighting.
All cities need fresh water. This is a Greek aqueduct, basically a brick water pipe.
The first aqueduct was Assyrian, but most ancient societies had them.
Terracing saves water and soil in mountainous environments
The Greeks invented dice.
The Greeks were the original Olympiads.
Their scientists studied the best way to
The Greeks invented the crane.
Greeks invented arches and columns.
This obviously took advanced mathematics.
More Greek Architecture
This is a catapult, a Greek invention.
It could throw 300 pound stones at walls and buildings
This is a hoplite, a Greek infantry soldier.
Hoplites were middle-class freemen who had to pay for their own weapon and shield.
This is a phalanx.
Soldiers get in a tight box. They each have a large shield and a 9 foot long spear.