Villegas Middle School
Ottoman Empire 1400’s & 1500’s
Mughal Empire 1556-1605
Milestones 1187? Assumed the title of Genghis Khan (Khan-king-president}
1206 Was proclaimed ruler of all Mongol people by an assembly of Mongol princes following the death of Jamuka
1221 Defeated Jalal al-Din on the banks of the Indus River, expanding the Mongol Empire to the greatest extent reached within his lifetime
1226 Defeated returning Jin forces on the Huang He (Yellow River), but died the following year while planning a continued offensive
Invented the catapults and started a postal system.
Horses were considered very valuable
Legend holds that Genghis Khan was born with a clot of blood in his hand, indicating his destiny to become a conqueror.
After defeating the Tatars, Genghis Khan ordered the slaughter of all people taller than a cart handle, ensuring the loyalty of the next generation.
Grandson: Kablai Khan
The Ottoman was an imperial power, centered around the borders of the Mediterranean Sea, that existed from 1299 to 1922.
In the 16th century, it included the Middle East, parts of North Africa, and much of south-eastern Europe. It was established by a tribe from TURKEY in western Anatola and was ruled by the Osmanlı dynasty, the ruler was SULTAN/RULER.
The Empire was founded by Osman I, in 1453, after the Ottomans captured Constantinople (modern İstanbul) (the last remnant of the Byzantine Empire), it became the Ottomans' third capital.
Ottoman Quick Facts Part II
In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Ottoman Empire was among the world's most powerful political entities, and the countries of Europe felt threatened
Janissary –lean, mean fighting machine - youths
Suleiman longest reigning sultan from 1520 – 1566. Known as Suleiman the Magnificent or the Lawgiver.
Mughal means Mongol in Arabic
The Mughal Empire, an empire that at its greatest territorial extent ruled parts of Afghanistan, Balochistan and most of the Indian Subcontinent between 1526 and 1857.
The empire was founded by the Mongol leader Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans. He found spices, good soil, friendly people.