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Medical Uses of Ionising Radiation
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Slide 25

The Gamma Camera

The Gamma Camera

The tracer is injected into the patient. The radiation emitted from the patient is detected using a gamma camera.

A typical gamma camera is 40 cm in diameter – large enough to examine body tissues or specific organs. The gamma rays are given off in all directions but only the ones which travel towards the gamma camera will be detected.

Slide 26

The Gamma Camera

The Gamma Camera

A collimator.

A detector.

Electronic systems.

A gamma camera consists of three main parts:

electronic systems

detector

collimator

Slide 27

The Gamma Camera

The Gamma Camera

The collimator is usually made of lead and it contains thousands of tiny holes.

Only gamma rays which travel through the holes in the collimator will be detected.

The Collimator

Slide 28

The Gamma Camera

The Gamma Camera

The detector is a scintillation crystal and is usually made of Sodium Iodide with traces of Thallium added.

The detector is a scintillation crystal and it converts the gamma rays that reach it into light energy.

The Detector

Slide 29

The Gamma Camera

The Gamma Camera

The electronic systems detect the light energy received from the detector and converts it into electrical signals.

The Electronic Systems

Slide 30

Diagnosis

Diagnosis

Static Imaging

There is a time delay between injecting the tracer and the build-up of radiation in the organ.

Static studies are performed on the brain, bone or lungs scans.

Slide 31

Diagnosis Dynamic Imaging

Diagnosis Dynamic Imaging

The amount of radioactive build-up is measured over time.

Dynamic studies are performed on the kidneys and heart.

Slide 32

Dynamic Imaging

Dynamic Imaging

The Renogram

To assess individual kidney and/or bladder function.

To detect urinary tract infections.

To detect and assess obstructed kidney(s).

To detect and assess vesico-ureteric reflux.

To assess kidney transplant(s).

Renograms are dynamic images of the kidneys and they are performed for the following reasons:

Slide 33

Performing the Renogram

Performing the Renogram

The tracer is injected into the patient.

The radioactive material is removed from the bloodstream by the kidneys.

Within a few minutes of the injection, the radiation is concentrated in the kidneys.

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