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Schizophrenia
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www.komen.org/schizophreniaassociatedwithincreasedcancermortality. Cancer 2009.

Slide 42

The next few slides are a review of general psychiatric definitions, defense mechanism and communication techniques.

The next few slides are a review of general psychiatric definitions, defense mechanism and communication techniques.

They may or may not be related to the current topic.

Slide 43

Psych Definitions

Psych Definitions

Delusion = fixed beliefs that usually involve a misinterpretation of experience. “Client believes someone is reading his thoughts”

Several types: grandiose, nihilistic, persecutory, somatic

Slide 44

Psych Definitions

Psych Definitions

Hallucinations = perceptual experiences that occur in absence of actual sensory stimuli; involves the 5 senses.

Slide 45

Psych Definitions

Psych Definitions

Illusions = person misperceives or exaggerates stimuli that actually exist in the external environment.

Slide 46

Defense Mechanism

Defense Mechanism

Affiliation =

Turning to others for help or support; sharing problems with others without implying that someone else is responsible.

Ex: An individual has a fight with spouse and turns to their best friend for emotional support.

Slide 47

Defense Mechanism

Defense Mechanism

Devaluation =

Attributing exaggerated negative qualities to self or others.

Ex: A boy has been rejected by his long time girlfriend. He tells his friends that he realizes that she is stupid and ugly.

Slide 48

Defense Mechanism

Defense Mechanism

Displacement =

Transferring a feeling about, or a response to, one object onto another (usually less threatening) substitute object

Ex: A child is mad at her mother for leaving for the day, but says she is really mad at the sitter for serving her food she does not like.

Slide 49

Communication Technique

Communication Technique

Confrontation =

Presenting the patient with a different reality of the situation.

Ex: My best friend never calls. She hates me. Nurse ‘I was in the room yesterday when she called.’

Slide 50

Communication Technique

Communication Technique

Doubt =

Expressing or voicing doubt when a patient relates a situation.

Ex: My best friend hates me. Nurse ‘From what you have told me, that does not should like her. When did she last call you?’

Slide 51

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