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Islam - History, Value, Cultures
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Lighted streets, public baths, public libraries and hospitals everywhere

Other dynasties in Egypt, Spain, and parts of the Levant.

A 2nd Ummayah dynasty in Spain, 9th century

Qurtoba (Cordova) competes with Baghdad

Cairo, built 968 AD

Slide 16

Islam as Monotheistic Religion

Islam as Monotheistic Religion

Slide 17

 Islam:

Islam:

Surrender, related to salaam, or peace.

Abraham, father of all prophets, is the first Muslim

Islam is also a code for social conduct

Quran plus the authentic statements of Muhammad (Hadith) = Shareeha (constitution), as Interpreted by Islamic scholars

Muhammad is the last prophet (33: 40).

Gabriel highest ranking angel

The Quran:

Islams holy book, an inspired scripture. Gods word inspired to his messenger,

114 Chapters (chapter = Surah), 4 to >200 verses/chapter (verse = Aiyah)

Confirms most narratives and prophets of the Jewish and Christian faiths

Special place for Virgin Mary, the only female (the Chapter of Mary)

Allah is the word for God used by Christian and Muslim Arabs

God = Allah (Arabic) = Eluhim (Hebrew) = El (Aramaic)

One and only one God, no trinity

Arabic as the language of the Quran

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The framework for Muslim life. Essential practices

The framework for Muslim life. Essential practices

1. The declaration of faith:

"There is no deity but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God"

2. Prayer:

Five obligatory prayers each day.

A direct link between the worshiper and God.

No hierarchical authority or priesthood

3. Zakat:

Obligatory charitable giving.

Wealth belong to God and it is held in trust by humans.

Zakat, or, "purification" by setting aside a portion (2.5%) for the needy

4. Fasting:

From sunrise to sunset during the holy month of Ramadan

5. Pilgrimage:

A pilgrimage (Hajj) to Mecca, Arabia. Only those who can

The 'Five Pillars' of Islam

Slide 19

Jihad and the Conduct of War

Jihad and the Conduct of War

Islam is not addicted to war, and jihad is not one of its "pillars

Jihad in Arabic does not mean "holy war. It means "struggle or strive.

It is the difficult effort needed to put God's will into practice at every level

The "greater jihad in the Quran is that of the soul, of the tongue, of the pen, of faith, of morality, etc. The "smaller jihad" is that of arms.

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