“You are not considered faithful in the sight of God unless you like for
your brother (read, others) what you like for yourself” (Hadith)
when you are greeted with a greeting of peace, answer with an even better greeting, or at least the like thereof" (4: 86).
Right and Status of Women
Eliminated many pre-Islamic discriminatory practices
Gave women rights (e.g., inheritance) and equality to men, both were made
from a single soul (e.g., 4:1)
Limited the number of wives a man can marry
Treat women with kindness and respect their rights as equal to men
The hijab or head scarf
Modest dress apply to women and men equally (Quran and Hadith).
Women are required to cover their bodies so that their figure is not revealed.
Women are not required to cover their faces.
The forbidden or ‘taboo’ (muharramat) include pork, blood, improperly butchered
animals, baby animals, gambling, and charging interest
Alcohol drinking was gradually disallowed
A dedicated quest for knowledge and a burst of scientific innovation
in a multi-ethnic and multi-faith society
Lasted for over 8 centuries, and produced a plethora of knowledge and
discoveries in all disciplines
Induced the later European renaissance
The Arabic tong, invigorated by the Quran, was the vehicle, and tolerant,
inclusive, and knowledge-advocate Islamic faith was the culture
Repeated requests in both the Quran and the Hadith for seeking
knowledge, and application of rational thinking
Seek knowledge even in China
Seek knowledge from crib to grave
On judgement day, the ink of scientists is valued by God higher
than the blood of martyrs
The two important disciplines of science are theology and Biology
Initially, massive translation of Greek and Indian writings
preserved all literary and scientific works and transmitted them to Europe
Medicine and Pharmacy
Chemistry and Physics
Institutionalized and regulated the practice of Medicine and Pharmacy
The modern concept of clinics
Board exams and license to practice. Regulatory boards (FDA's!!!)
Classification of plants and Algae for their medical use, and outlined possible side effects (PDR’s!!)
Tens, including specialized, in each of Baghdad, Qurtoba, and Damascus.
Mobile hospitals for emergency.