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Atomic Theory
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H+ Hydrogen

Na+ Sodium

Mg+2 Magnesium

Ca+2 Calcium

Ag+2 Silver

Slide 124

Fe+2 Iron (II) Ferrous

Fe+2 Iron (II) Ferrous

Fe+3 Iron (III) Ferric

Cu+1 Copper (I) Cuprous

Cu+2 Copper (II) Cupric

NH4+ Ammonium

mo’ Cations

Slide 125

Anions

Anions

F-1 Fluoride

Cl-1 Chloride

Br-1 Bromide

I-1 Iodide

The Halogens

Slide 126

PO4-3 Phosphate

PO4-3 Phosphate

SiO4-2 Silicate

SO4-2 Sulfate

MoO4-3 Molybdate

B4O7-2 Borate

Anions

OH-1 Hydroxide

NO2-1 Nitrite

NO3-1 Nitrate

Slide 127

Cathode Anode

Cathode Anode

NeverReady

+

-

Slide 128

SALT - a Cation and an Anion held together by an ionic bond.

SALT - a Cation and an Anion held together by an ionic bond.

opposites attract

Slide 129

Solution

Solution

Solvent Solute

H2O NaCl

Slide 130

SolVent SolUte

SolVent SolUte

The chemical The chemical

in a solution in a solution

that makes up that makes up

the greatest part. the least part.

O

E

R

N

DE

R

Slide 131

Sol ent

Sol ent

The chemical

in a solution

that makes up

the greatest part.

V

Slide 132

Salt Solution

Salt Solution

Legend

Cation

Anion

Salt

Water

Solvent

Solute

Crystal

Slide 133

Covalent bond

Covalent bond

P+1

when two atoms share a pair of electrons.

P+1

Slide 134

Covalent bond

Covalent bond

when two atoms share a pair of electrons.

P+1

P+1

It’s like both atoms have a filled orbital.

Slide 135

Covalent Bond

Covalent Bond

The sharing of a pair of electrons between 2 atoms.

(or even 2 or 3 pairs of electrons).

H2

Slide 136

Covalent Bond

Covalent Bond

The sharing of a pair of electrons between 2 atoms.

Li2

Slide 137

Covalent Bond

Covalent Bond

The sharing of a pair of electrons between 2 atoms.

Cl2

Slide 138

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