Free Powerpoint Presentations

Animal Reproduction
Page
8

DOWNLOAD

WATCH ALL SLIDES

Maturing follicle

Corpus luteum

Degenerating corpus luteum

Follicular phase

Ovulation

Luteal phase

(a)

(b)

(c)

Days

0

5

10

14

15

20

25

28

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

+

Slide 51

Ovarian hormones in blood

Ovarian hormones in blood

Peak causes LH surge

Estradiol level very low

Estradiol

Progesterone

Ovulation

Progesterone and estra- diol promote thickening of endometrium

Uterine (menstrual) cycle

Endometrium

0

5

10

14

20

25

28

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

Days

15

Menstrual flow phase Proliferative phase

Secretory phase

(d)

(e)

Slide 52

The Ovarian Cycle

The Ovarian Cycle

The sequential release of GnRH then FSH and LH stimulates follicle growth.

Follicle growth and an increase in the hormone estradiol characterize the follicular phase of the ovarian cycle.

The follicular phase ends at ovulation, and the secondary oocyte is released.

Slide 53

Following ovulation, the follicular tissue left behind transforms into the corpus luteum; this is the luteal phase.

Following ovulation, the follicular tissue left behind transforms into the corpus luteum; this is the luteal phase.

The corpus luteum disintegrates, and ovarian steroid hormones decrease .

Slide 54

The Uterine (Menstrual) Cycle

The Uterine (Menstrual) Cycle

Hormones coordinate the uterine cycle with the ovarian cycle:

Thickening of the endometrium during the proliferative phase coordinates with the follicular phase.

Secretion of nutrients during the secretory phase coordinates with the luteal phase.

Shedding of the endometrium during the menstrual flow phase coordinates with the growth of new ovarian follicles.

Slide 55

A new cycle begins if no embryo implants in the endometrium.

A new cycle begins if no embryo implants in the endometrium.

Cells of the uterine lining can sometimes migrate to an abnormal, or ectopic, location.

Swelling of these cells in response to hormone stimulation results in a disorder called endometriosis.

Slide 56

Menopause

Menopause

After about 500 cycles, human females undergo menopause, the cessation of ovulation and menstruation.

Menopause is very unusual among animals.

Menopause might have evolved to allow a mother to provide better care for her children and grandchildren.

Slide 57

Menstrual vs Estrous Cycles

Menstrual vs Estrous Cycles

Menstrual cycles are characteristic of humans and some other primates:

The endometrium is shed from the uterus in a bleeding called menstruation

Go to page:
 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12 

Contents

Last added presentations

2010-2019 powerpoint presentations