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Natural disasters reduce the quality of life for the people affected and they reduce the amount of money the government has to spend on development projects.

Few raw materials

Countries without many raw materials like coal, oil or metal ores tend to make less money because they have fewer products to sell.

This means they have less money to spend on development.

Some countries do have a lot of raw materials but still aren't very developed because they dont have the money to develop the infrastructure to exploit them.

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Factors influencing development

Factors influencing development

If there's war in a country the country loses money that could be spent on development.

Political- If a country has an unstable government it might not invest in things like healthcare, education and improving the economy. This leads to slow development or no development at all.

Social-Some government are corrupt. This means some people in the country get richer whilst other stay poor and have a low quality of life.

Economic_ countries with mineral deposits and energy resources were more likely to develop than countries that do not have

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Economic factors

Economic factors

Poor trade links

World trade patterns influence a countries economy and so affect their level of development.

If a country has poor trade links it wont make a lot of money so there will be less to spend on development

Lots of debt

Very poor countries borrow money from other countries and international organisations.

This money has to be paid back and sometimes with interest.

Any money a country makes is used to pay back the money so isn't used to develop

An economy based on primary products

Countries that mostly export primary products tend to be less developed.

This is because you dont make much profit by selling primary products.

Their prices also fluctuate- sometimes the price falls below the cost of production.

This means people make less money so the government has less to spend on development

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Social factors

Social factors

Drinking water

If the only water people can drink is dirty then they will get ill from waterborne diseases such as typhoid and cholera.

Being ill reduces a persons quality of life.

Ill people can work so dont add money to the economy and also cost money to treat.

The place of women in society

Women who have an equal place in society are more likely to be educated and to work.

Women who are educated and work have a better quality of life and the country ha more money to spend on development as there are more people contributing to the economy.

Child education

The more children that go to school the more developed a country will be. This is because they will get a better education and so will get better jobs. Being educated and having a good job improves a persons quality of life and increases the money the country has to spend on development.

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