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Slide 28

Causes of global inequalities

Causes of global inequalities

A poor climate

Poor faming land

Limited water supplies

Lots of natural hazards

Few raw materials

war

Corrupt governments

Unstable governments

Poor trade links

Lots of debt

An economy based on primary products

Drinking water

The place of women in society

Child education

Slide 29

Consequences of Inequality

Consequences of Inequality

High birthrate and infant mortality rates

Poorer education facilities( lower levels of literacy, less time spent in school)

More jobs in primary and informal sector and fewer in the secondary, tertiary and formal sector

Smaller volume of trade, a need to ask for aid

Less purchasing power per capital

Slide 30

United Kingdom

United Kingdom

Population 65 million

GDP ($US) 36039

Health 17

Life expectancy 78

Birth rates 12

Death rates 10

Urban 89%

HDI 0.939

Employment tertiary 69%

Employment primary 2%

Slide 31

Russia

Russia

Population 143million Employment primary 24%

GDP ($US) 4078 Employment tertiary 29%

Health 42 HDI 0.795

Life expectancy 71 Urban 53%

Birth rates 10 Death rates 12

Slide 32

Bangladesh

Bangladesh

Population 144million

GDP ($US) 405

Health 2

Life expectancy 61

Birth rates 27

Death rates 8

Urban 23%

HDI 0.520

Employment tertiary 19%

Employment primary 65%

Slide 33

Bangladesh

Slide 34

Bangladesh

Slide 35

Bangladesh

Slide 36

Bangladesh

Slide 37

Bangladesh

Slide 38

Bangladesh

Slide 39

Global inequalities case study

Global inequalities case study

Hurricane Mitch hit Nicaragua and Honduras in October 1998:

Nicaragua:

Around 3000 people were killed.

Crops failed and 50 000 animals died.

70% of roads were unusable and 71 bridges were damaged or destroyed.

23 900 houses were destroyed and 17 600 were damaged.

340 schools and 90 health centres were damaged or destroyed.

Honduras:

Around 7000 people were killed.

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